It is important to understand that child learning refers to the acquisition of abilities, knowledge and skills developed through different mechanisms of interaction, which allow the creation of useful concepts in the development of children.
The learning process in children is one of the most fascinating that exists in the world, since they learn from everything that is within their environment, through the stimuli that are nearby, which will help them build their character and intellect.
During the first years of life, children absorb a lot of information that allows them to experiment and create their own judgments, which will help shape their personality, linguistic, cognitive and social skills.
How do children learn?
A child will absorb everything that is within his environment and allow him to adapt to it, following the primitive instinct of survival.
A child learns through different mechanisms that allow him to know his reality:
- Exploration:Through his 5 senses he can interact with everything around him, in order to create a concept of the material and tangible world that surrounds him.
- Experimentation:The mechanism of trial and error is one of the ways in which a child learns to develop new skills.
- Repetition:Acquiring a new skill requires practice to refine and reaffirm knowledge.
- Imitation:A child will always copy behaviors, attitudes and actions of the people around him, whether they are adults or other children.
By understanding the fundamental pillars of learning, we can manipulate some aspects so that a child’s development is holistic.
There are methods that help children have a better development
It is important that the people who are in charge of the training and education of children know different methods that exist within easy reach, to promote better development within the different most important areas, such as the psycho-emotional and motor, and not only the intellectual.
- Provide good communication mechanisms:For example, it is important to pay attention to the non-verbal signals that a child emits to give them a name, such as fear, discomfort, happiness, etc., and even animals and objects, so that in this way your language and communication skills are better.
- Positive and negative reinforcement:It is important to recognize a child’s achievements and attempts to improve his self-esteem and make him see that learning is a good thing. On the other hand, negative reinforcement can be done to motivate him to achieve certain goals. For example, you won’t waste time playing games in the afternoon if you do your homework early.
- Learn by playing:Through role plays, motor or mental challenges, children learn by solving problems that arise within the game, useful in the real world. It is important to propose increasingly complex games, to motivate development and prevent the child from getting bored and losing interest.
A child’s curiosity will motivate him to learn
Promoting creativity through positive stimuli is essential for the learning process to be more effective, since it will increase your interest in discovering new things, and in this way, develop skills that help you have a better IQ, emotional intelligence and motor skills.
To be an expert in the processes and methods of children’s learning, it is important to prepare professionally, for which studying Educational Sciences is the best option for all those interested in studying the cognitive development of children.
If you are interested in knowing more about this career, we invite you to download the following e-book for free, where you will find more information about the career in Education Sciences.